Tuesday, March 11, 2014
iguana maven – learning how to care for your friend and pet iguana
April 23, 2011 by Iguana Maven Filed under iguana food
What good food can I feed my baby green iguana
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double stuffed oreo cookies
We feed ours veg and fruit! cut it up in bite size for the iguana
Yeah..def the double stuffed oreos…hahaha
But for real, buy a book completely dedicated to the care of Iguanas. Or go to http://www.anapsid.org
Good caresheet there regarding iguanas.
You can feed your iggi more or less any fruit and veg. The only ones to avoid is citrus fruit and iceburg lettace. make sure there in small enough peices for him to eat.
Mellon, butternut squash, kiwi, grapes, dandylions, raspberrys, strawberrys, passion fruit, mangos, prunes, figs, apples, bananas, Potatoes, courgetts, carrots, peas, chicory, broccoli,green beans, sweetcorn, leeks, onions, parsnips and the list goes on but hears just a few for you.
Iggis are veggies so please don’t give him crickets or any live foods.
45% leafy greens such as escarole, dandelions, endive, mustard, and collards, NO lettuces or spinach! They aren’t good for him.
45% hard mixed veggies such as an orange flesh squash the harder the better(acorn,pumpkin,butternut… fresh green beans, fresh peas, parsnip, and green bell peppers, NO broccoli or cauliflower, or avocado!
10% fruit such as figs, papaya, mango, pear, and berries. NO bananas, only very rarely as a treat.
NO ANIMAL PROTEIN such as bugs, meat, eggs, or cheese!
Minimum length (side to side): 2-3 x
Minimum depth (front to back): 1.5-2 x
Minimum height: 1.5-2 x
They need a basking area of 95-100 and normal temps of 75-85. NO heat rocks!
They need a 5.0 UV light.
They should also get baths everyday or so. And should have a water bowl in their cage.
You should take Your Iguana for regular vet checkups to make sure it is in good health. Reptiles can have internal parasites that can harm them so you should make sure the vet checks that.
Here are some good sites, the first one was recomended by my vet.
Iguana dried food pellets that you buy at the pet store, isn’t the greatest to feed your iguana. If you do, read the ingredients some use protein in there ingredients, which we all know protein is bad for iguanas. Also you should soak the pellets in warmish water for at least 20-30 mins. Why soak? Because if you leave them dry it can cause hydration for ig faster, and we all know that hydration can be a problem to begin w/ so it’s best not to help the problem. Do not just feed your iguana dried food, only a few pieces w/ the food.
Baby/young iguanas go so fast!!! Make sure that you don’t cut big pieces, no bigger then there head. Also for the young ones you may almost have to make the food like a slush consitancy … try chopping into smaller pieces. You should at least try feeding the young ones in the morning before or right after lights come back on, but diffently provide another dish at night time, sometimes the young ones will not eat in front of there slave/owner and prefer the night to eat when no one is looking.
For the young ones since they don’t really eat much, try and stick w/ the staple greens mostly, collard, mustard, turnip make sure they get mostly those greens more then anything else, collard the most out of mustard and turnip.
Daily food should have 5-7 good staple greens (2-3 cups a day if not more younger igs may not eat a 1/2 cup for a few months) … collard greens, mustard greens, turnip greens, dandelion greens (if you can find), endive, radicchio, arugula, mache (if you can find), watercress … some greens to give occasionally in small amounts kale, bok choy, escarole … you can add some basil into the mix only w/ good staple greens, sometimes this helps the little ones eat … adding basil to the young ones staple greens will sometimes make them want to eat, it is safe for them but don’t use more then you are of collard, mustard, turnip greens … you can add romaine to your igs staple good greens but in small amounts and occasionally … some things to add (small amounts) snap peas, bell peppers (every now and then), parsnip, sweet potato/yam, acorn squash, butternut squash, buttercup squash … fruits should only be given every now and then once or twice a week type of thing fruits are like junk food to iguanas … some fruits to try papay, kiwi, mango, raspberries, strawberries, grapes, honeydew (great water source), canalope (great water source), 12 grain wheat bread (soaked) … if anything has seeds make sure you remove seed before you give it to your iguana, for thinks like strawberries ones w/ small seeds, don’t give for at least 3 days to pass threw system … watermelon (seedless) can be frozen and then shaved onto your iguanas food helps w/ hydration everyday … there are some foods that aren’t good for your iguana: spinach has oxalate acids bind to the calcium, so even though spinach is high in calcium, almost none is actually available for the iguana to use, also the oxalate acids can form oxalate crystals which can and do build up in the kidneys causing kidney damage/failure … some ig owners do give there ig spinach but in very small amounts and only once a month … corn igs can not digest … carrots aren’t the greatest to give, can block calcium absorption and high in Oxalates, small amounts occassionally is fine … food should be cut/chopped/diced no bigger then the iguanas head, if they are small having a chopper chop them up, or slice them into very small pieces … spray/mist food to help w/ water/hydration.
There are some veggies/fruits that can be toxic to iguanas. NOTE: Avoid feeding any vegetables, flowers, fruits that have been treated w/ any pesticide.
Make sure that you understand the Ca:P Ratio for food. Know which items have lower calcium in them.
MAJORITY OF THE LEAFY GREENS FOR IGUANAS SHOULD BE:
Collard Greens, Mustard Greens, Dandelion Greens and flowers,Turnip Greens
You can include small amounts: nasturtium greens and flowers, hibiscus leaves and flowers, escarole,
These greens have the best calcium and nutrients for an iguana’s needs.
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You can include but note *
swiss chard*, chinese cabbage*, bok choy*, kale*
* Contain OXALATES and/or PHYTATES which bind themselves to calcium molecules and prevent the calcium from being used by the body. For this reason you should restrict the use of these in your iguana’s diet.
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OTHER VEGETABLE FOODS
green beans, yellow wax beans, peas, occasionally okra, sweet bell peppers
winter squashes: butternut, butternut, acorn. occasionally spaghetti squash, zucchini or yellow squash
occasionally cooked (without salt) black beans, garbanzos, pinto beans
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Other vegetables that can cause problems for iguanas are cruciferous vegetables which are members of the cabbage family. Cruciferous vegetables have what appears to look like a cross shape on the stem end. These vegetables have GOITROGENS that keep iodine in the food from being absorbed … this can lead to your iguana having goiters.
AVOID OVERUSE OF: kale, cabbage, bok choy, brussel sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower
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Iguanas need a Calcium:Phosphorous Ratio of at least 2:1 (two to one). It is better to chose foods for your iguana with a Calcium ratio of 2 or higher.
Foods with Low Ca:P Ratio: When these foods are used, the Calcium Ratio in the greens definitely needs boosted high.
brussel sprouts (1:2)
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FRUITS: USE SPARINGLY
A lot of fruits are high in phosphorous. See above: iguanas need a Calcium:Phosphorous Ratio of 2:1. While people may be careful in making an iguana’s greens and salads, they can easily slip up and over-feed their igs fruit and throw the balance off. That is why fruit should be used sparingly.
When you give your iguanas fruit, be sure to remove any pits, seeds or tough skins.
papaya, mango, cantaloupe, honeydew
blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries
better to forget the banana (bananas have very very low calcium over say a strawberry)
“LEAFY GREENS” (BEST CALCIUM AND NUTRIENTS)
- COLLARD GREENS, MUSTARD GREENS, DANDELION GREENS (& FLOWER), TURNIP GREENS
- small amounts: NASTURTIUM GREENS (& FLOWER), HIBISCUS LEAVES (& FLOWER), ESCAROLE
- beans (beans should be treated as a “treat” once/twice a month): GREEN BEANS, YELLOW WAX BEANS, PEAS, BLACK BEANS, GARBANZO BEANS, PINTO BEANS
- BEANS NOTE: do not buy the canned beans, they contain too much salt – you need to boil your own w/ no salt
- squash (if you cook use no salt): BUTTERNUT SQUASH, ACORN SQUASH, SPAGHETTI SQUASH, YELLOW SQUASH
- other veggies: OKRA, SWEET BELL PEPPER, ZUCCHINI
- fruits should be treats – most fruits have a high content of phosphorous which can then throw off the iguana’s diet (remove any pits, seeds, tough skins)
- fruits you can freeze them since its not a staple part of their diets (only freeze for 1-2 treats) – it’s like flavored ice shavings, flavored ice cubes
- PAPAYA, MANGO, CANTALOUPE, HONEYDEW, BLUEBERRIES, STRAWBERRIES, RASPBERRIES, BLACKBERRIES, BANANA
- this is mainly the cruciferous (“cabbage family”)
- overuse of these products in every day feed may cause problems for your iguana now or down the road of your iguana’s life
- cruciferous can keep iodine in the food from being absorbed – with the iodine absorption by the thyroid gland (iguana’s can suffer thyroid problems just like humans can)
- KALE, BRUSSEL SPOUTS, CABBAGE (NAPA), BROCCOLI, BOK CHOY/AISAN GREENS, CAULIFLOWER
Here are some great links to read and that I trust for iguana info:
A great book to read and have on hand:
Iguanas for Dummies by Melissa Kaplan
There are some wonderful Yahoo groups that can help new iguana owners, or ig owners who need help, these are 2 that I think help out a lot, again only if you’d like to join:
Good luck w/ your little one!
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